雅思写作必背的100个常用词汇 | 附替换词

2017-09-27  来自: 山西剑桥国际学校 浏览次数:410

雅思写作中我们会遇到各种话题,要求我们用明确的观点来定位文章基调,需要我们掌握各种类型的意群词汇。文中给大家精选100个观点词汇及替换表达,希望这些词汇能对大家的写作有所帮助~

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1. 持某观点:claim 

contend, deem, reckon, assert, share the belief that 


2.支持某观点: advocate

maintain, vote for, side with, be in favor of 


3.反对某观点: contradict

criticize, be against, cast doubts on


4.合理的:justified

sensible, feasible, convincing, persuasive, rational, practicable, logical, wise, sagacious, viable, preferable, advisable, appropriate,  bear much analysis


5.好处:advantage

benefit, merit, positive side, upside, boon, pros


6.弊端:disadvantage

defect, demerit, negative side, downside, flaw, drawback, cons


7.肯定:undoubtedly

indeed, undeniably, there is no denying that


8.不确定:be likely to

potentially presumably


9.重要的:essential

significant, vital, crucial, critical, fundamental, indispensable


10.有益的:beneficial

conducive, instrumental


11.有害的:detrimental

harmful, virulent


12.有争议的:controversial

disputable, contentious


13.普遍的:widespread

prevalent, universal


14.显著地:considerably

significantly, remarkably, dramatically, tremendously, substantially


15.明显的:evident

apparent, manifest


16.增强:enhance

strengthen, boost


17.减少:decline

descend, collapse, relieve


18.大约:approximately

nearly, around, estimated,roughly


19.趋势:trend

tendency, inclination


20.预见:predict

expect, project


21.带来:bring about

result in, lead to


22.产生,引起:create

spark, yield, give rise to


23.建立:establish

found, institute


24.要求:call for

request, demand


25.去除:eliminate

remove, eradicate


26.探讨:explore

examine, identify

 

27.表明,描绘:indicate

depict, portray, illustrate


28.满足…需求:meet the need of

satisfy the requirement of, cater for the demand of


29.足够:adequate

enough, sufficient


30.解决:tackle

resolve, address


31.意识:awareness

consciousness


32.控制:curb

regulate, censor


33.解释:account for

be responsible for, be attributed to


34.投资:finance

invest in,  subsidize


35.缓解:relieve

ease, alleviate


36.压力:stress

pressure, strain


37.遵循:observe

follow, conform to


38.继承:inherit

hand down, carry forward


39.培养:cultivate

train, foster


40.促进:promote

contribute to, upgrade


41.适应:adapt to

adjust to, acclimate to


42.提供:provide

render, afford


43.替代:replace

substitute, take the place of


44.保护:preserve

protect, safeguard


45.证据:evidence

proof


46.赢得:gain

acquire, attain


47.国外的:foreign

alien, exotic


48.重视:attach importance to

emphasis, highlight


49.发展:advance

development, progress


50.倾向于:tend to

be inclined to, be apt to 


51. 吸引:attract

allure, tempt


52. 专注的:be absorbed in

be immersed in, devote oneself to


53. 目的是:aim at

The purpose is


54. 实现:achieve

fulfill, implement


55. 危害:endanger

threaten; jeopardize


56. 损害:undermine

impair, damage


57. 阻碍:hinder

obstruct, impede


58. 禁止:forbid

ban, prohibit


59. 责备:blame

denounce, criticize


60. 污染:pollute

contaminate, stain


61. 腐蚀:erode

wear away, corrode


62. 欺骗:deceive

cheat, defraud


63. 冲突:conflict

shock, tension


64. 驱使:prompt

spur, incite


65. 贪婪的:acquisitive

money-oriented, materialistic


66. 自私的:self-centered

selfish, inconsiderate


67.体谅的:considerate

understanding, sympathetic


68.冷漠的:indifferent

apathetic, aloof


69.奢侈的:wasteful

luxurious, extravagant


70.残忍的:inhumane

brutal, barbaric


71.绝望的:hopeless

despairing, desperate


72.过分的:excessive

extravagant, exorbitant


73.激烈的:intense

fierce, vigorous


74.严厉的:stringent

rigorous, rigid


75.与…相关:be related to

be associated with, be linked to


76.难以置信的:unbelievable

incredulous, virtual


77.惊人的:extraordinary

marvelous, spectacular


78.有抱负的:ambitious

aggressive, aspirant


79.固有的:inherent

nature, innate


80.稳定的:steady

stable, constant


81.恶化:worsen

aggravate, deteriorate


82.夸大:exaggerate

overstate


83.限制:restrain

constrain, confine


84.拆除:tear down

knock down, pull down


85.加速:accelerate

speed up, precipitate


86.占优势:predominate

dominate


87.分辨:distinguish

differentiate, discern


88.抵消:counteract

offset, cancel out


89.开展:launch

conduct, carry out


90.承担:assume

shoulder, accept


91.颁布, 制定:enact

enforce, promulgate, map out


92.影响:influence

impact, pervade


93.差异:difference

distinction, gap


94.交流:communicate

exchange, associate


95.接触:have access to

make contact with, keep in touch with


96.优先:give priority to

put…into first place


97.节约:economize

conserve, cherish


98.面临:be faced with

be confronted with


99.措施:measure

step, action


100.注意:beware

prevent, guard against


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